Pharyngitis can cause discomfort and difficulty eating and swallowing food. Children or adults exhibiting symptoms that correlate with the condition should visit the best ENT specialist in Karachi. The specialist will assess the severity of the condition and provide treatment accordingly.
Signs and Symptoms
Pharyngitis is caused due to inflammation in the pharynx. The common signs and symptoms include:
- The person remains uncomfortable due to scratchy and sore throat
- The patient may experience chills and fever
- The patient struggles with chewing and swallowing the food.
- May experience loss of appetite
- The patent remains lethargic and is unable to function adequately.
- The lymph glands swell.
- The patient experience; headache, body ache, and remains fatigued.
- There is a noticeable change in the voice, and the person cannot speak properly because of the scratchy throat.
- The patient may suffer from skin rash.
- The common causes of pharyngitis include:
- The inflammation may be due to viral infections, such as; flu and chickenpox.
- Individuals suffering from bacterial infections may suffer from the inflammation of the pharynx. The bacterial infections include diphtheria and streptococcus.
- Individuals in the habit of smoking are more likely to suffer from pharyngitis.
- Older people are at a higher risk of experiencing inflammation of the pharynx.
- Exposure to harsh chemicals or smog can trigger and cause inflammation.
- The virus can spread through coughing and sneezing; hence, people should remain isolated or away from ill and older people.
- People with allergies to pollen and dust can have an inflamed pharynx causing extreme discomfort.
Preventive measures for Pharyngitis:
The preventive measure includes:
- If a close family member is diagnosed with pharyngitis; others should maintain distance and avoid sharing food and clothes to prevent the spread.
- Always wash hands and use sanitizer before and after using public washrooms.
- Maintain a habit of washing hands before starting the meal.
- Keep tissue while traveling and use them while coughing and sneezing to reduce the chances of spread.
- Avoid exposure to smog and dust.
- Eradicate smoking from your lifestyle.
- Try to avoid physical contact with the infected person.
Complications Associated with Pharyngitis
Pharyngitis can cause various complications; if not treated on time. The complications include ear infection, sinusitis, and acute otitis media.
Tests for diagnosing Pharyngitis
The tests that can help diagnose pharyngitis are:
- Blood Testing: Blood testing help determine the cause of the condition. It helps check if the inflammation is caused due to other underlying conditions.
- Throat Culture: Testing the throat culture confirms the presence of bacteria or viruses. The culture is collected using a cotton swab and then tested. Some specialists conduct strep throat tests in their clinic, which provides instant results. The test helps determine if the condition of the patient is caused due to presence of streptococcus.
- Physical Examination: The swelling in the lymph and rash helps determine if the person is suffering from pharyngitis.
Effective Treatment Options
The treatment for pharyngitis includes:
- Use of Antibiotics: The medications are prescribed if the cause of inflammation is due to bacterial infection.
- Use of Analgesics: The medication helps the patient to function adequately by relieving body aches.
- Self-Care: The patient should avoid being involved in physical activities; rather should try to rest and take a break from daily chores. Also, gargling with salt helps with inflammation.
- Avoid Spicy Food: The patient has to avoid sauces, cold drinks, and spicy food as it may slow down the healing process.
- Intake of Fluids and Honey: The patient has to keep themselves hydrated. The use of honey and warm water helps in healing the sore throat.
Individuals who notice any symptoms of pharyngitis; should consult the best ENT specialist in Life Care Consultant Clinic for diagnoses and guidance regarding medical treatment and change in lifestyle to avoid any further complications and smooth recovery.